- Déc 19, 2020
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« Today`s announcement provides the much-needed certainty that the UK will not be disrupting air traffic for travellers and the maritime public as they leave the UK, » said Nicholas E. Calio, President and CEO of A4A. « Continued connectivity will also benefit the 720,000 men and women who work in the U.S. aviation industry and work every day for a safe, fluid and positive customer travel experience. We very much appreciate the urgency that governments and their negotiators have brought to the conclusion of this agreement. One of the first AASs after World War II was the Bermuda Agreement, signed in 1946 by the United Kingdom and the United States. The characteristics of this agreement have become models for the thousands of agreements that were to follow, although in recent decades some of the traditional clauses of these agreements have been amended (or « liberalized ») in accordance with the « open skies » policy of some governments, particularly the United States.  The U.S. open skies policy goes hand in hand with the globalization of American airlines. By providing U.S. airlines with unlimited access to our partners` markets and flight rights at points between and beyond, open-ski agreements offer maximum operational flexibility to U.S. airlines worldwide.
The Department of Foreign Affairs, in collaboration with the Department of Transport and the Ministries of Commerce, negotiates agreements with foreign governments that form the framework of commercial air service. The most liberal of these civil air transport agreements, the so-called « open skies » agreements, have offered the possibility of extending international passenger and cargo flights to and from the United States. They stimulate economic growth by stimulating travel and trade, increasing productivity and stimulating quality jobs. This is what open skies agreements do by removing state interference in airlines` commercial decisions on routes, capacity and pricing, allowing airlines to offer consumers and shippers a more affordable, convenient and efficient air service. In addition to the typical scope of bilateral air services agreements, the EU-US Air Services Agreement has created a modern legal framework to promote safe, affordable, cost-effective and competitive air transport. This strong cooperation framework enables the EU and the US to meet new challenges in the areas of security, security, environment and climate, competition policy and business. The AIR Services Agreement between the EU and the US also guarantees recognition of the EU name (equal access to all EU air carriers) and thus provides legal certainty to the transatlantic market, given the requirements of the European Court of Justice rulings on open skies. Air Services Agreements (ASAs) are formal contracts between countries – Memorandums of Understanding (Memorandum of Understanding) and formal diplomatic notes. It is not mandatory to have an ASA for the operation of international services, but cases where contract-free services exist are rare.
The bilateral system is based on the Chicago Convention and related multilateral treaties. The Chicago Convention was signed in December 1944 and has governed international air services ever since. the convention also contains a number of annexes covering issues such as aviation safety, safety monitoring, seaworthiness, navigation, environmental protection and facilities (acceleration and departure at airports). Since 1992, the Ministry has adopted an « open skies » policy to eliminate government involvement in airline decision-making in international markets through routes, capacity and pricing.